Six Things Providers Should Know About HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders[From The Body Pro, January 23, 2019]
“Early in the epidemic, one of the most terrifying consequences of late-stage, AIDS-related illness was the various neurocognitive disorders, the worst of which was dementia. At that time, with no effective antiretroviral therapies, the virus quickly penetrated the blood-brain barrier. AIDS dementia complex, along with early opportunistic infections (OI) such as Kaposi sarcoma and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), typically occurred when a person’s CD4 count fell below 200, but it was the result of the virus itself, not an OI. Individuals who experienced this severe dementia declined rapidly and tragically.”
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